NOTES ON REASONING

[2]
STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS
Tips to Solve Puzzle
* To solve puzzle read the basic information
carefully like ‘six person or eight person’
* Go through each line carefully and make graph
according to it whether it position or negative
statement for
Example : A doesn’t travel in Train
A –Train X
* Relate the previous information with other
information
* Start the puzzle where maximum date is being
provided so that you may solve it efficiently.
Category of Puzzle
Classification
Grouping
based on
attributes
Comparison
Order based on
weight
Age
Height
Marks
Sequential
Week days
Floor
Family
Blood Relation
+
Profession
Miscellaneous
Direction
Train
Ex.1-5. Study the following information carefully and
answer the questions given below:
Seven Members A, B, C, D, E, F and G were
standing in a row facing north not necessarily in
the same order. The distance between each was a
successive multiple of 5 (integral values).
Distance between A and C
was twice that of the distance between F and D.
Distance between B and A was 120 m and not
more than 3 persons were standing in between
them. D was to the immediate left of B. Distance
between D and G was 65 m. C was 95m to the
right of E. G moved for 50 m in South direction,
took a left turn, moved for 75 m, took a left
and moved for 20 m and stopped at point Z. F
moved for 40 m in South direction, took a left
turn, moved for 50 m, took a left turn, moved for
10 m and stopped at point X. Constable S was
standing 55 m west of point Z. He moved 45 m
towards west and stopped at point Y.
Ex.1. What was the distance between points X and Y?
(1) 10m (2) 15m (3) 20m
(4) 25m (5) 30m
Ex.2. Who among the following was standing third to
the right of D?
(1) B (2) G (3) E
(4) A (5) C
Ex.3. What was the original distance between D and
E?
(1) 90m (2) 100m (3) 105m
(4) 110m (5) 115m
Ex.4. How much should G walk to reach his original
position?
(1) 75m east, 30 m north
(2) 35m west, 30m north, 40m east
(3) 55m west, 30m north, 20m west
(4) 30m north, 85m west
(5) None of the above
Ex.5. Who among the following were standing at the
extreme ends?
(1) A, B (2) C, F (3) C, A
(4) C, B (5) F, A
Sol.1-5.

F D B G E A C
40m
25m 30m
X 5 10
35m
50m
40m
20 S 20
45m 50m
20m 3S
25m 25m
10 Y 25
40m 35m
Z
Sol.1.(2) Sol.2.(3) Sol.3.(3)
Sol.4.(1) Sol.5(2)
CLASSIFICATION PUZZLE
Ex.6-10.Read the following passage carefully and answers
the questions given below it.
A group of seven friends; A, B, C, D, E, F and
G work as Economist, Agriculture Officer, IT
Officer, Terminal Operator, Clerk, Forex Officer
and Research Analyst, for Banks L, M, N, P, Q,
R and S but not necessarily in the same order.
C works for Bank N and is neither a Research
Analyst nor a Clerk. E is an IT Officer and works
for Bank R. A works as Forex Officer and does
not work for Bank L or Q. The one who is an
Agriculture Officer works for Bank M. The
one who works for Bank L works as a Terminal
Operator. F works for Bank Q. G works for Bank
P as a Research Analyst. D is not an Agriculture
Officer.
Ex.6. Who amongst the following works as an
Agriculture Officer ?
(1) C (2) B (3) F
(4) D (5) None of these
PUZZLE
[3]

STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS
Ex.7. What is the profession of C ?
(1) Terminal operator
(2) Agriculture Officer
(3) Economist
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.8. For which bank does B work ?
(1) M (2) S (3) L
(4) Either M or S
(5) None of these
Ex.9. What is the profession of the person who works
for Bank S ?
(1) Clerk
(2) Agriculture Officer
(3) Terminal Operator
(4) Forex Officer
(5) None of these
Ex.10. Which of the following combinations of person,
profession and bank is correct ?
(1) A-Forex Officer-M
(2) D-Clerk-L
(3) F – Agriculture Officer – Q
(4) B – Agriculture Officer – S
(5) None of these
Sol.6-10. Bank Work
A S Forex Officer
B M Agriculture Officer
C N Economist
D L Terminal Operator
E R IT Officer
F Q Clerk
G P Research Analyst
Sol.6.(2) Sol.7.(3) Sol.8.(1)
Sol.9.(4) Sol.10.(5)
COMPARISON PUZZLE
Ex.11-13. Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F working in the
same office take different time to reach office.
All of them take time in the multiples of ten
in such a manner that the one who reaches the
office earliest reaches in 10 minutes and the one
who takes maximum time reaches office in 60
minutes. D takes more time than E but less time
than A. A reaches in 30 minutes. B takes less
time than only F.
Ex.11. How much time does C take to reach office ?
(1) 60 minutes (2) 50 minutes (3) 40 minutes
(4) 20 minutes (5) Cannot be determined
Ex.12. Who among the following takes maximum time
to reach office ?
(1) B (2) C (3) D
(4) F (5) Cannot be determined
Ex.13. How many people take more time to reach office
than D ?
(1) Four (2) Three (3) Two
(4) One (5) None
Sol.11-13. F > B > C > A > D > E
60 > 50 > 40 > 30 > 20 > 10
Sol.11.(3) Sol.12.(4) Sol.13.(1)
SEQUENTIAL PUZZLE
Ex.14-20. Study the following information to answer the
given questions :
6 lectures are scheduled in a week starting from
Monday and ending on Sunday of the same
week. Computer Science is not on Tuesday or
Saturday. Psychology is immediately after Organisational Behaviour. Statistics is not on Friday and there is one day gap between Statistics
and Research Methods. One day prior to the
schedule of Economics there is no lecture (as
that day is the ‘off’ day and Monday is not the
‘off’ day.)
Ex.14. Which of the following is the last lecture
scheduled?
(1) Statistics (2) Research Methods
(3) Psychology (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.15. If Wednesday is the ‘off’ day, the code would
be 2-4, if Thursday was the ‘off’ day, the code
would be 3-3. Taking into account the ‘off’ day
which of the following code is correct ?
(1) 2-4 (2) 3 – 3 (3) 4-2
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.16. Which lecture is scheduled on Friday ?
(1) Economics
(2) Psycology
(3) Computer Science
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these

[5]

STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS
Ex.17. How many lectures were scheduled between
Economics and Psychology ?
(1) One (2) Two (3) Three
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.18. Which day is Computer Science scheduled ?
(1) Monday (2) Wednesday
(3) Thursday (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.19. Which day is the ‘off’ day ?
(1) Tuesday (2) Wednesday (3) Friday
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.20. If someone wants to attend only two lectures
out of Psychology, Research Methods and
Computer Science but wants the two days to
be successive (one after the other) then which
lecture-combination may be selected ?
(1) Research Methods, Computer Science
(2) Psychology, Computer science
(3) Psychology, Research Methods
(4) Any two of the three is possible
(5) With the condition of successive
day it is not possible
Sol.14-20.Monday – Organisational Behaviour
Tuesday – Psychology
Wednesday – Statistics
Thursday – Computer Science
Friday – Research Methods
Saturday – Off
Sunday – Economics
Sol.14.(5) Sol.15.(5) Sol.16.(5)
Sol.17.(3) Sol.18.(3) Sol.19.(5)
Sol.20.(1)
SELECTION BASED PUZZLE
Ex.21-25.Read the following information carefully and
answer the questions given belowSix directors of a company Z – Mr. Ami, Mr. Balli,
Ms. Chinki, Ms. Diya, Mr. Emi and Ms. Fiza are
travelling in four cars C1,C2,C3 and C4 to attend
a seminar in Lucknow. One person is driving each
car and there are not more than two persons in any
one of the cars. These cars are running one after
the other from first to fourth. Ms. Chinki and Ms.
Fiza are travelling in different cars. The first and
the fourth has only one person in the car. Mr. Ami
is driving the car and Ms. Diya is the traveller on
that car. Mr.Emi is the only person in one of the
cars.
Ex.21. Which of the following persons could be
travelled in the same car as Ms.Chinki?
(1) Mr.Ami (2) Mr.Balli (3) Ms.Diya
(4) Mr.Emi (5) None of these
Ex.22. If the third car contains Mr.Ami and Ms.Diya, which
of the following must be true?
(1) Mr.Emi is in the first car
(2) Ms.Chinki is in the fourth car
(3) Ms.Fiza is in the second car
(4) Mr.Balli is in the second car
(5) None of these
Ex.23. If Ms.Chinki and Mr.Balli are not in the same
car, which of the following persons could be in
the first car?
(1) Mr.Ami (2) Mr.Balli (3) Ms.Fiza
(4) Ms.Diya (5) None of these
Ex.24. If Ms.Fiza and Mr.Balli are not in the same car,
which of the following persons could be in the
first car?
(1) Mr.Ami (2) Mr.Balli
(3) Ms.Chinki (4) Ms.Fiza
(5) None of these
Ex.25. If the third car contains Mr.Balli and Ms.Chinki,
which of the following will be possible ?
(1) Mr.Ami in car C4
(2) Mr.Balli in car C4 or car C2
(3) Ms.Chinki in car C2 or car C4 (4) Ms.Fiza
in car C1 or car C4
(5) None of these
Sol.21-25. Cars Directors
C1 Emi/Chinki/Fiza/Balli
C2 Ami and Diya/Balli/Chinki/Fiza
C3 Ami and Diya/Balli/Chinki/Fiza
C4 Emi/Chinki/Fiza/Balli
Sol.21.(2) Sol.22.(4) Sol.23.(3)
Sol.24.(5) Sol.25.(4)
FAMILY BASED PUZZLE
Ex.26-30.Study the following information to answer the
[6]

STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS
given questions :
(i) In a family of 6 persons, there are two
couples.
(ii) The Lawyer is the head of the
family and has only two sons – Mukesh
and Rakesh – both Teachers.
(iii) Mrs. Reena and her mother-in-law both
are Lawyers.
(iv) Mukesh’s wife is a Doctor and they
have a son, Ajay.
Ex.26. Which of the following is definitely a couple ?
(1) Lawyer-Teacher
(2) Doctor-Lawyer
(3) Teacher-Teacher
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.27. What is the profession of Rakesh’s wife ?
(1) Teacher (2) Doctor
(3) Lawyer (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.28. How many male members are there in the family ?
(1) Two (2) Three
(3) Four (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.29. What is/was Ajay’s Grand mother occupation ?
(1) Teacher (2) Lawyer
(3) Doctor (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Ex.30. What is the profession of Ajay ?
(1) Teacher (2) Lawyer
(3) Doctor (4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Sol.26-30.
A 7th + B18th
17th
17th 4 11th
x y
Lawyer
Lawyer
Reena
Sol.26.(1) Sol.27.(3) Sol.28.(2)
Sol.29.(2) Sol.30.(4)
MISCELLANEOUS PUZZLE
Ex.31-37. Study the following information carefully and
answer the given questions.
Seven friends A, B, C, D, E, F and G studied in
colleges X, Y and Z and are currently in different
professions namely, Medicines, Fashion
designing, Engineering, Business, Acting,
Teaching and Architecture (not necessarily in
the same order). At least two and not more than
three friends had studied in the same college.
C is an architect and studied in college Y. E is
not a businessman. ‘Only G amongst the seven
friends studied in college X along with E. F is an
engineer and did not study in college Y. B is an
actor and did not study in the same college as F.
A did not study in college Z. Those who studied
in college X are neither Fashion Designers nor
teachers. None of those who studied in college Y
is a teacher.
Ex.31. Which of the following groups represents the
students of college Y ?
(1) C,E,G (2) A, C, D (3) A, B, C
(4) D, B, C (5) None of these
Ex.32. Who amongst the following is in the profession
of Medicines ?
(1) E (2) G (3) A
(4) D (5) None of these
Ex.33. Who amongst the following is a teacher ?
(1) A (2) D (3) E
(4) G (5) None of these
Ex.34. What is the profession of A ?
(1) Teaching (2) Medicines
(3) Business (4) Fashion Designing
(5) None of these
Ex.35. Which of the following combination of person,
college and profession is definitely correct ?
(1) E-X-Fashion Designing
(2) F-X-Engineering
(3) A-Y-Businessman
(4) D-Z-Teaching
(5) None of these
Ex.36. Who amongst the following have studied in
college Z ?
(1) B,A (2) C, F (3) B, D, F
(4) A, D (5) D, F
Ex.37. What is the profession of F ?
(1) Engineering (2) Business
(3) Medicines (4) Acting
(5) None of these
Sol.31-37. A y Fashion designing
B y Actor
C y Architect
D Z Teacher
E X Medicine
F Z Engineer
G X Businessman
Sol.31.(3) Sol.32.(1) Sol.33.(2)
Sol.34.(4) Sol.35.(4) Sol.36.(5)
Sol.37.(1)
[7]

STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS
EXERCISE
Q.1-5. Study the following information carefully and
answer the questions given below .
P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are seven members in a
family out of which there are three females and
four males. There are two managers, two lawyers, one teacher, one engineer and one doctor.
No lady is teacher or engineer. R is a lawyer and
married to P who is a teacher. V, the engineer,
is married to S who is neither lawyer nor doctor.
No two ladies have the same profession. Q is the
sister of W, who is a manager and grandson of V.
P is the brother of T who is son of V. T is unmarried.
Q.1. How T is related to Q ?
(1) Father (2) Sister
(3) Paternal – Uncle (4) Brother
(5) None of these
Q.2-3. Four of the following five are alike in a certain
way so form a group. Which is the one that does
not belong to the group ?
Q.2. (1) P (2) T (3) V
(4) W (5) S
Q.3. (1) Q – Doctor
(2) V – Engineer
(3) W – Manager
(4) R – Manager
(5) T – Lawyer
Q.4. Which of the following group have same profession ?
(1) PQ (2) WS (3) TV
(4) VS (5) None of these
Q.5. How S is related to R ?
(1) Mother (2) Mother – in – law
(3) Sister (4) Daughter-in-law
(5) None of these
Q.6-10. Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions-
Six games are played in a year starting from
January and ending to July of the same year.
Basketball is not played in febuary or June.
Football is played immediately after Hockey. In
the month of May cricket is not played and there
is one month gap between Cricket and Tennis
game. One month prior to the schedule of Polo
there is no game (as that month is the ‘off’ month
and January is not the ‘off’ month).
Q.6. Which of the following is the last game scheduled?
(1) Cricket (2) Tennis (3) Football
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Q.7. If March was the ‘off’ month, the code would be
2-4, if April was the ‘off’ month, the code would
be 3-3. Taking into account the ‘off’ month
which of the following code is correct?
(1) Cannot be determined
(2) 5-1 (3) 3-3 (4) 4-2
(5) None of these
Q.8. Which game will schedule in the month of May?
(1) Polo (2) Football (3) Basketball
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Q.9. How many games were scheduled between Polo
and Football?
(1) One (2) Two (3) Three
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these
Q.10. If someone wants to attend only two games out
of Football, Tennis and Basketball, but wants
the two months to be successive (one after the
other) then which game – Combination may be
selected?
(1) Tennis, Basketball
(2) Football, Basketball
(3) Football, Tennis
(4) Any two of the three is possible
(5) With the condition of successive month it is not
possible
Q.11-15. Study the following information carefully to
answer the questions given below:
In an examination, six subjects A, B, C, D, E and
F were available for a candidate of which Only
three had to be offered under the following conditions:
1. One who offered A had to offer B also.
2. One who offered A could not offer E.
3. One who offered C or D could not offer F.
The distribution of the candidates over the subjects was as follows:
A – 70, B – 70, C – 90, D – 85, E – 70, F – 35 .
Q.11. How many combinations were permitted?
(1) Four (2) Five (3) Six
(4) Seven (5) None of these
Q.12. How many candidates appeared for the examination in all ?
(1) 120 (2) 130 (3) 140
(4) 380 (5) None of these
Q.13. How many candidates offered the combination A
+ B + C?
(1) 15 (2) 20 (3) 35
(4) 70 (5) None of these
Q.14. How many candidates combined C with D?
(1) 15 (2) 20 (3) 35
(4) 70 (5) None of these
Q.15. How many candidates offered B with F?
(1) 15 (2) 20 (3) 35
(4) 70 (5) None of these
[8]

STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS
EXPLANATION
Q.1-5. Male Female Profession
P Teacher
Q Doctor
R Lawyer
S Manager
T Lawyer
V Engineer
W Manager
Q.1.(3) Q.2.(5) Q.3.(4)
Q.4.(2) Q.5.(2)
Q.6-10. January – Hockey
Febuary – Football
March – Cricket
April – Basketball
May – Tennis
June – Off day
July – Polo
Q.6.(5) Q.7.(2) Q.8.(5)
Q.9.(3) Q.10.(1)
Q.11.(1) According to the given conditions there should
be four possible combinations – ABC, ABD,
ABF, CDE.
Q.12.(3) The possible combinations are – ABC, ABD,
ABF, CDE.E is there only in CDE.
So, number of candidates who offered CDE =
number of candidates who offered E = 70.
F is there only in ABF.So, number of candidates
who offered ABF = number of candidates who
offered F = 35.
D is there in ABD and CDE. So, Number of
candidates who offered ABD = number
of candidates who offered D – number of
candidates who offered CDE = 90 – 70 = 20.
Hence, total number of candidates appeared =
70 + 35 + 15 + 20 = 140.
Q.13.(2) Number of candidates who offered ABC = 90-
70= 20.
Q.14.(4) Clearly, required number of candidates =
number of candidates who offered CDE = 70.
Q.15.(3) Required number of candidates = number of
candidates who offered ABF = 35.
[9]

STUDY NOTE FOR BANKING AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS



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